Once you image a phenomenal smile, you usually envision wholesome, white enamel. However the gums that help your enamel must also be considered. Some people with inconsistent or diversified gum coloration might have aesthetic considerations about their smiles regardless of a mouthful of pretty enamel. These folks have a situation known as gingival (gum) hyperpigmentation.
What’s Gingival Hyperpigmentation?
The colour of gum tissue can really be as diversified as our pores and skin tones. Generally people have black or brown pores and skin splotches on their gum tissue, which is attributable to extra melanin. Whereas usually not of a well being concern, this situation might trigger people to really feel much less assured about their smiles.
Causes of Gum Hyperpigmentation
Whereas gingival hyperpigmentation is generally benign and extra frequent in dark-skinned people, it might happen in any ethnicity. Darkish spots on the gums can be attributable to tobacco utilization (smoking or chewing). Following tobacco use cessation, the gums will usually lighten. Different causes of gingival hyperpigmentation can embody:
- Negative effects of sure medicines, equivalent to minocycline, a tetracycline antibiotic
- Addison’s illness (an endocrine dysfunction)
- Genetic predisposition
- Ulcerative gingivitis
- Amalgam “tattoo” (when a silver filling leaches into the gum tissues)
Laser Surgical procedure Gum (Gingival) Depigmentation for Lengthy-Time period Outcomes
Immediately’s most secure and handiest therapy to focus on gum hyperpigmentation is through laser gum lightening, a process that produces nice outcomes and is much less traumatic than different procedures (scalpel surgical procedure, as an example). Whereas different bleaching procedures merely take away the superficial cells that trigger discoloration, laser gum depigmentation removes the precise melanocytes, the pores and skin cells that comprise and produce the melanin pigment that causes discoloration. The benefit of that is that these cells don’t multiply usually and as soon as being eliminated the consequence can be very lengthy lasting.
Our apply’s expertise matches that of many different clinical studies that present that laser therapy for gum hyperpigmentation ends in gingiva (gum) hues that match the unique non-pigmented gingiva. In lots of cases, solely the maxillary (prime) dental arch is handled for the reason that mandibular (backside) arch isn’t usually seen when smiling.
Are You a Candidate for Laser Gum Depigmentation?
People who’ve wholesome smiles however are sad with the colour of their gum tissue can contemplate laser gum lightening. Those that have had points with gum illness will most certainly require antibiotics to make sure there isn’t any an infection current. The process is just about pain-free. Most people, in truth, can return to regular actions after therapy, with a full therapeutic course of often full inside two weeks. Outcomes can final a lifetime.
Case Historical past Instance Earlier than and After:
The thirty-two-year-old feminine was handled with the Millenium MVP-7 laser. Two weeks post-op the hue of her gingiva intently matches the unique non-pigmented gingiva. Lengthy-term outcomes are achieved with the elimination of melanocytes within the basal lamina with out affecting any useful delicate and exhausting tissue.
Philip L. Fava, II, DMD, MDSc is a periodontist and dental implant surgeon who practices on the Pennsylvania Center for Dental Implants and Periodontics, with two places at Einstein Heart One, Suite 211-212, 9800 Bustleton Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19115 and 140 East Butler Avenue, Ambler, PA 19002. The apply presents “All-on-4™ dental implants; SameDay Smile® or “Smile Zone” dental implants; implant, crown and bridge implant restorations; Pinhole gum rejuvenation; reconstructive dental surgical procedure in addition to LANAP® and different therapies for gum illness.
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